Basic information about screen printing

Basic information about screen printing

 

In the past years, technological evolution has expanded and managed to reach all industries. Printers, for example, have gone from being used exclusively to imprint ink on paper is now used for textiles and many other materials. And lately, since custom made t-shirts have become an actual fashion statement, there are more and more businesses offering screen printing Mississauga services. This means that they use dedicated machines, by the means of which they can put colours and shapes on different fabrics. This may sound like magic, but it is a well-known practice called screen printing. So what is this thing? How does it happen? Read on to find out some simple yet relevant details about this process.

What is screen printing?

Also known under the name of “silk screening”, screen printing is the main method used to print graphics on various materials, especially clothing fabrics. Mostly used to customise t-shirts and other garments, the process involves the use of thick inks (different from those used to list written documents and papers), which are basically applied over the fabric, rather than inserted in the fibre. As a consequence, the ink is not soaked into the surface – it is stuck by the means of chemical and thermic operations. Given the ease and efficiency of this method, it is nowadays the main procedure used to print text, images or shapes on t-shirts by companies all around the world.

How does screen printing work?

The process through which ink is pressed onto material may seem simple at first, but it is actually pretty complicated. The machine used, namely a printer, consists in multiple smaller parts among which a thin mesh, stretched by a frame, represents the central element around which everything is organised. Initially, the mesh was made of silk (the smoothest fabric at the time), hence the alternative name used to designate this method. Nowadays, silk has been replaced with a number of polyester variations, depending on the expected results. The design customers want to paint on the fabric is placed against the surface, then ink is rolled through the screen. Only the areas covered by the design allow ink to go through, thus filling in the gaps and colouring the material. After this, there is a certain time necessary for the ink to get dry and the pattern to remain still on the fabric.

What is screen printing used for?

Generally, the method is implements by those who want to put some colour on fabrics. It can be performed remotely, for those who want to create a personalised t-shirt, for instance, but also by businesses trying to implement an innovative marketing strategy. By printing uniforms or advertising materials, companies all around the world can show their unity and promote their services. Regardless the design, a skilled technician using performing devices will be able to transform it into the most beautiful patterns on any type of surface.